Dhaka is the capital of Bangladesh. It is also the largest city in the country with an area of 1463.60 square kilometers.
History of Dhaka Bangladesh
There are various myths prevalent in the history regarding the naming of the city. It is said that at the time of inauguration of the capital Islam Kha, the Nawab, ordered to play a special musical instrument named Dhak (Drum in English). Form the name of the instrument it is named Dhaka. Another myth goes that in the past there was a language named Dhakvasah in this region based on which the name of the capital was determined Dhaka. In the year 1610, Islam Khan replaced the capital of Bengal from Rajmahal to Dhaka and named it to Jahangirnagar. Though the administrative name was Jahangirnagar. The common people used to call it Dhaka.
Location of Dhaka
Dhaka is the center of Bangladesh. It is on the bank of the river Buriganga. Dhaka contains a plain land and surrounded by many rivers and canals. It is the center of all business and administrative activities. Dhaka has divided into two city corporations- Dhaka South Zone and North Zone. The surrounding districts of Dhaka include Gazipur, Narayanganj and Savar. It shares borders with Tangail, Gazipur, Rajbari, and Munshiganj.
Subdivisions of Dhaka
Dhaka has many subdivisions. There are 5 subdivisions of Dhaka. They are:
There are 40 police stations and 79 unions in the Dhaka city.
City of Mosque
Dhaka is called the city of Mosque. It is the city in the world with highest number of Mosque. It has 808 Mosques along with 165 Madrasa. There are about 2 Mosques per square kilometers of the city.
Dhaka contains many tourist spots. The most popular tourist spots include – National Memorial at Savar, Shahid Minar and Curzon Hall at University of Dhaka Campus, Botanical Garden, National Dhaka Zoo at Mirpur and National Museum. The parliament building is another outstanding architectural landmark that you should visit.
Dhaka is the center of all educational activities in Bangladesh. Most of the leading educational institutions such as schools, colleges, and universities are located in Dhaka. Till now the higher education is solely concentrated in Dhaka city. There are about 728 government and 689 private schools in Dhaka city. Dhaka College, Dhaka University are in Dhaka.
The largest airport of Bangladesh, Hazrat Shahjalal International Airport is in Dhaka. The largest bus station, Gabtoli bus terminal, is in Dhaka. Kamalapur Railway Station, located in Dhaka is the largest railway station in Bangladesh.
Main Points of Dhaka
The main points of Dhaka include- Jatrabari, Sayedabad, Gulistan, Motijheel, Paltan, Shahbag, Mirpur, Kamalapur, Gulshan, Uttara, and Dhanmondi. Mainly these areas constitute the Dhaka city.
The climate of the city is tropical. The highest temperature is 108 degree Fahrenheit, and the lowest temperature is 40 degree Fahrenheit. The average temperature is 78.02 degree Fahrenheit. In the Monsoon, it rains in torrents in Dhaka. The overall climate of Dhaka is very pleasing.
There are some commercial areas in Dhaka that constitutes the major economic sectors of Bangladesh. Motijheel, Gulistan, Polton, Farmgate are the major commercial areas of Dhaka. Bangladesh Garments Manufacturers and Exporters Association (BGMEA) is also in Dhaka.
Residential Areas and Diplomatic Zones
The major residential areas include Dhanmondi, Gulshan, Uttara, Jatrabari, Mohammadpur, Bashabo, Kharigaon, and Mirpur. These areas are also densely populated. Dhanmondi, Gulshan, and Uttara constitute the major posh area. Gulshan, Banani and Baridhara are the main diplomatic zone in Dhaka. Most of the embassies offices in Dhaka locates here.
Dhaka is one of the top megacities in the world. United Nations have predicted that within 2030, Dhaka will become the 6th largest megacity in the world.